Zim Shipping Services Ships Cruise Plan S.S. Jerusalem
From a collection of vintage cruise plans, advertising
brochures, deck plans,
schedules and rates, and general information about ZIM
Zim Shipping Services, Ships, Israel and Palestine, Jewish,
Zim Integrated Shipping Services (formerly Zim American Israeli
ZIM Israel Navigation Company, is the biggest cargo shipping
company in Israel, and 13th
largest in the world. The company's North American
headquarters are based in Norfolk, Virginia.
ZIM was founded in 1945, by the Jewish Agency and the
Histadrut (General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel).
The first ship was purchased in partnership with Harris and Dixon
(based in London) in 1947. This vessel was refurbished, renamed SS
Kedmah, and sailed to Palestine in the summer of 1947. During her
first years, her main task was transporting hundreds of thousands
of immigrants to the emerging state. Some of the other ships that
had been used for clandestine immigration before the establishment
of Israel as a state were confiscated by the British mandate
authorities and later joined the company's fleet. The company
continued to purchase more ships, among them SS Negba, SS Artza and
During the 1948 war, the company was the sole maritime
connection with the state of Israel, supplying food, freight and
In 1953, some of the money from the reparations agreement
between Israel and West Germany was allocated to the purchase of 36
new ships, a massive expansion of ZIM's fleet.
The 1950s and 1960s saw ZIM concentrate on passenger ships,
alongside a constant expansion of the cargo shipping business.
Passenger liners were a common means of international transport
before the emergence of cheap air transport, and pleasure cruises
were also popular. ZIM sailed the Mediterranean Sea, as well as
having regular routes to the United States. Some of its ships
cruised to the Caribbean during the winter. 1964 saw the completion
of the ocean liner SS Shalom, which turned out to be a failure,
marking the end of the ZIM passenger shipping era.
During the 1960s ZIM started to turn its focus to cargo
ships, and obtained several special-purpose vessels, including
refrigerated shipping, and oil tankers. ZIM transported crude oil
from Iran to Israel, and oil byproducts from Israel to Europe.
The 1970s saw ZIM expanding into to the container shipping
business. ZIM ordered 6 such ships, and gradually made this its
main line of business.
In 1981 one of the company's ships, Mezada, was lost at sea
and at the same time, ZIM was suffering, alongside other shipping
companies, from the lull in maritime shipping at the beginning of
the 1980s, but it recovered, and during the 1990s had 15 more ships
built in Germany. At this time, The ownership of ZIM was divided
between the Israeli government and "Hachevra Le-Israel".
The company's US branch, known as Zim-American Israeli
Shipping Co., moved from the World Trade Center to Norfolk,
Virginia the week before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
Computer systems not yet moved were lost.
In 2004, ZIM was purchased by the Ofer Brothers Group. The
new official name after privatization became Zim Integrated
Shipping Services. The purchase deal for about five hundred million
shekels was severely criticized by the press and the State
Comptroller of Israel as being undervalued.
These are original items of the period, not reproductions, not