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The Faces of Athena This is a 8" by 10" presentation of the
four ancient Greek coins of the goddess. Athena. Background of
Athena The Greek philosopher, Plato noted similarities between the
Greek goddess Athena and the Libyan deity, Neith, who is said to
have been born beside Libya's Triton River. Neth was adopted by
Egyptians as the war-goddess and huntress deity. Whatever her
origins, by the late fifth century, the goddess Athena place in
Classical Greece was assured. Athena, is known as the Greek goddess
of wisdom, household arts and crafts, spinning and weaving, and
textiles. Inventor of the flute, and the chariot. Athena, a goddess
of war strategy, was the guardian of Athens, and defender of
heroes, champion of justice and civil law. Coins of Athena By 550
B.C., the practice of striking and using coins was established
throughout important trading centers of Greece. These included both
the independent city-states inside Greece, as well as the colonies
outside of Greece. The practice of using coins for commerce
coincides with the beginning of the Classical Period of Greek art,
architecture, and culture. The Greek Classical Period heavily
influenced the cultures of ancient Rome, and had an enduring effect
on European civilization. Indeed, much of modern politics, artistic
thought, scientific thought, literature, and philosophy derives
from this period. Examples of art can be illustrated using replicas
of ancient Greek coins. The following faces of Athena appearing on
four ancient Greek coins represent excellent examples of the
Classical Period of Greek art. Examples include: Attica, Greece -
City-State of Athens (Athena, patron and protector of Athens)
Tetradrachm of Athens 449 to 413 B.C. Obverse: The head of Athena
facing right wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves
and floral scroll; her hair is drawn across the forehead in
parallel curves. Reverse: Owl standing right head facing in erect
posture; the tail feathers represented as single prong; to right
??? in large letters; to the left an olive twig and crescent; all
within a incuse square. (Sear 2526) This is an early example of the
Classical period. Luciana, Italy - Didrachm of the town of
Herakleia 370 to 281 B.C. Obverse: Head of Athena facing right
wearing crested Athenian helmet ornamented with Scylla hurling
stone. Reverse: Herakles (Hercules) naked standing facing with head
and body turned right, strangling lion with both hands; between
legs and owl to right and club in left field. (Sear 389) An example
of the late Classical Period of Greece Syracuse, Sicily -
Tetradrachm by the artist Leonidas (413 to 405 B.C.) Reverse: The
head of Athena three-quarter face to left with hair hanging loose
in curls, wearing a richly ornamented triple-crested helmet
inscribed with artists signature. Four dolphins around her head.
Obverse: A galloping quadriga (chariot) driven right by Persephone
carrying a flaming torch; she is about to be crowned by Nike flying
right; below an ear of corn. (Sear 941) The Greek colony of
Syracuse produced some of the finest examples of art in the
Classical Period. Illyra and Central Greece ? City-State of Corinth
- Corinthian Stater (400 to 350 B.C.) Reverse: Shows the head of
Athena facing right wearing a Corinthian helmet over leather cap;
around Athena are three dolphins. Obverse: Pegasus facing left.
(Sear 2628) An excellent example of the later Classical Period.
This collection is in the REPRODUCTION section. These pieces are
NOT ancient coins. Each coin is stamped 'COPY' on the rim. Payment
methods: Seller accepts PayPal. Shipping Methods: buyer will pay
$5.00 for Priority Mail Flat Rate Envelope for $5.00 within the
United States. International shipping costs are $13.00 for Priority
Mail International flat rate envelope. ADDITIONAL COIN REPLICAS ARE
FOUND IN MY E-BAY STORE AT http:// stores.ebay.com/warrenscoins.
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