Item Description
The Faces of Athena This is a 8" by 10" presentation of the four ancient Greek coins of the goddess. Athena. Background of Athena The Greek philosopher, Plato noted similarities between the Greek goddess Athena and the Libyan deity, Neith, who is said to have been born beside Libya's Triton River. Neth was adopted by Egyptians as the war-goddess and huntress deity. Whatever her origins, by the late fifth century, the goddess Athena place in Classical Greece was assured. Athena, is known as the Greek goddess of wisdom, household arts and crafts, spinning and weaving, and textiles. Inventor of the flute, and the chariot. Athena, a goddess of war strategy, was the guardian of Athens, and defender of heroes, champion of justice and civil law. Coins of Athena By 550 B.C., the practice of striking and using coins was established throughout important trading centers of Greece. These included both the independent city-states inside Greece, as well as the colonies outside of Greece. The practice of using coins for commerce coincides with the beginning of the Classical Period of Greek art, architecture, and culture. The Greek Classical Period heavily influenced the cultures of ancient Rome, and had an enduring effect on European civilization. Indeed, much of modern politics, artistic thought, scientific thought, literature, and philosophy derives from this period. Examples of art can be illustrated using replicas of ancient Greek coins. The following faces of Athena appearing on four ancient Greek coins represent excellent examples of the Classical Period of Greek art. Examples include: Attica, Greece - City-State of Athens (Athena, patron and protector of Athens) Tetradrachm of Athens 449 to 413 B.C. Obverse: The head of Athena facing right wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and floral scroll; her hair is drawn across the forehead in parallel curves. Reverse: Owl standing right head facing in erect posture; the tail feathers represented as single prong; to right ??? in large letters; to the left an olive twig and crescent; all within a incuse square. (Sear 2526) This is an early example of the Classical period. Luciana, Italy - Didrachm of the town of Herakleia 370 to 281 B.C. Obverse: Head of Athena facing right wearing crested Athenian helmet ornamented with Scylla hurling stone. Reverse: Herakles (Hercules) naked standing facing with head and body turned right, strangling lion with both hands; between legs and owl to right and club in left field. (Sear 389) An example of the late Classical Period of Greece Syracuse, Sicily - Tetradrachm by the artist Leonidas (413 to 405 B.C.) Reverse: The head of Athena three-quarter face to left with hair hanging loose in curls, wearing a richly ornamented triple-crested helmet inscribed with artists signature. Four dolphins around her head. Obverse: A galloping quadriga (chariot) driven right by Persephone carrying a flaming torch; she is about to be crowned by Nike flying right; below an ear of corn. (Sear 941) The Greek colony of Syracuse produced some of the finest examples of art in the Classical Period. Illyra and Central Greece ? City-State of Corinth - Corinthian Stater (400 to 350 B.C.) Reverse: Shows the head of Athena facing right wearing a Corinthian helmet over leather cap; around Athena are three dolphins. Obverse: Pegasus facing left. (Sear 2628) An excellent example of the later Classical Period. This collection is in the REPRODUCTION section. These pieces are NOT ancient coins. Each coin is stamped 'COPY' on the rim. Payment methods: Seller accepts PayPal. Shipping Methods: buyer will pay $5.00 for Priority Mail Flat Rate Envelope for $5.00 within the United States. International shipping costs are $13.00 for Priority Mail International flat rate envelope. ADDITIONAL COIN REPLICAS ARE FOUND IN MY E-BAY STORE AT http:// stores.ebay.com/warrenscoins.

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