Item Description

Ottoman Black FES

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Turkish Black (Fez Hat) Folkloric Cap from Istanbul

This brand new Fez Hat is manufactured in Istanbul, Turkey. It is a decoration piece which would be a great gift, as well as a hat to wear in special occasions (such as Halloween).

This fez hat is made of velvet, and beads. It is flexible and one size fits most. Tone of the color may be slightly different than the one in picture, since this fez is 100% handmade.

  • %100 handmade in Istanbul, Turkey
  • One size fits most


Different colors are and models available in my store.

The Fez (also known as the Checheya or Tarboosh) is a red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone; a black tassel hangs from the crown.
During the reign of the Sultan Mahmud Khan II (1808-39), a European code of dress gradually replaced the traditional robes worn by members of the Ottoman court. The change in costume was soon emulated by the public and senior civil servants, followed by the members of the ruling intelligentsia and the emancipated classes throughout the Ottoman Empire. While European style coats and trousers were gradually adopted, this change did not extend to headwear. Peaked or broad brimmed headdresses such as the top hat did not meet the Islamic requirement that men should press their heads to the ground when praying. Accordingly the Sultan issued a firman (royal decree) that the checheya headgear in a modified form would become part of the formal attire of the Turkish Empire irrespective of his subjects' religious sects or millets.
Fez in Military Use:
A version of the fez was used as an arming cap for the 1400-1700s version of the mail armor head protector (a round metal plate or skull-cap, around which hung a curtain of mail to protect the neck and upper shoulder. The fez, presumably padded, raised up the metal plate an inch or two to provide effective protection from heavy blows. The fez could be optionally wrapped with a turban.
The red fez with blue tassel was the standard headdress of the Turkish Army from the 1840s until the introduction of a khaki service dress and peakless sun helmet in 1910. The only significant exceptions were cavalry and some artillery units who wore a lambskin hat with coloured cloth tops. Albanian levies wore a white version of the fez. During World War I the fez was still worn by some naval reserve units and occasionally by soldiers when off duty.
The Fez Arround the World:

Among Muslims of South Asia, the fez is known as the Rumi Topi ("Roman cap"). It was a symbol of Islamic identity and showed the Indian Muslims support for the Khilafat (Caliphate), headed by the Ottoman Emperor. Later, it became associated with the Muslim League, the political party which eventually created the country of Pakistan. The late veteran Pakistani politician Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan was one of the few people in Pakistan who wore the fez until his death in 2003.
In Indonesia, the country with the biggest Muslim population in the world, fez is a part of the local culture itself. Fez is called "Peci" in Indonesian. The Peci is black in colour with a more ellipse shape and sometimes decorated with embroideries. Malaysian Malay men are also seen wearing it as part of the local culture, and it is better known as "Songkok" in Malaysia. The peci is used in various ceremonies mostly religious and also in formal occasions by government officials.
Following the foundation of Turkey after World War I, Mustafa Kemal regarded the fez - which Sultan Mahmud II had originally introduced to the Ottoman Empire's dress code in 1826 - as a symbol of feudalism. The fez ("Fes" in Turkish) was banned in 1925, and Turkish men were encouraged to wear European attire - thus, hats such as the fedora became popular.
The fez was introduced into the Balkans initially during the Byzantine reign, and subsequently during the Ottoman period where various Slavs, including Serbs and today's Bosniaks, started using the fez.
A variation of a black soft fez was used by Italian blackshirts under the Fascist regime. This was in imitation of the red soft fez still worn used by bersaglieri units.
In Libya, a soft black fez, called the checheya, is worn by the rural population with or without a long tassel. The Libyan leader Mu'ammar Gaddafi is often seen in it.
In tourist hotels in Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco, porters and bellhops often wear a fez to provide local colour for visitors. They are however almost never worn in Turkey.
Fez in Western Popular Culture:
In the Western world, the fez occasionally serves as a symbol of relaxation. In cartoons, characters are shown wearing a fez often while lying in a hammock on vacation or just relaxing after a hard day of work. This curious imagery may be a throwback to the late 19th century English practice of men wearing a loose fitting smoking jacket and braided fez-like headdress when relaxing informally in the evenings. Punch cartoons of the period 1875-90 frequently portray middle-class male figures dressed in this fashion. This practice is called "wearing mufti" and came from the habit of British officers and public servants wearing what was then Indian dress in the privacy of their homes. The dress was more comfortable in the Indian climate and created a sense of ease and relaxation such that the clothing, not unlike that of a Muslim religious leader or "mufti", came into the English language as a word meaning 'out of uniform' or undress. It is also called "en smoking"as Asian men wore such clothes when smoking a hookah. The wearing of fezzes in the western world is undergoing a revival. One of the most well known wearing of a fez in a Hollwood film was by Victor Mature playing Dr Omar in Josef Von Sternberg's The Shanghai Gesture (1942). Theo Marcuse has an uncredited role in the premiere of Ironside as a bartender. The bar is called Algiers and Marcuse wears traditional Algerian costume and a fez. The bar is dead and Ironside is seemingly the only customer. Ironside tells him that since they're alone he should "take off that silly hat."
The Shriners, and the late British comic Tommy Cooper are notable for wearing fezzes. The Steely Dan album, The Royal Scam, features a song entitled "The Fez". The refrain is: "Never gonna do it without the fez on" (although the song is ironically meant to portray the fez as a prophylactic. The Ron and Fez show on XM Satellite Radio features Fez Whatley who once wore a Fez hat, thus gaining his nickname.
In his comic-strip religious tract against Freemasonry, Jack Chick records a story that the original fez was red as it was dyed in the blood of murdered Christians. There is no evidence of truth in this story.



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Shipping rates depend on the item weight and the country that you order from. We donot charge any handling fees. The shipping costs are calculated by the Turkish Post. We ship all of our items via Recorded International Airmail. After your payment we ship your items in 48 hours but mostly in 24 hours. We track your parcels inside the Turkey and we get feedbacks that they securely leave our country.

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We mostly sell tradional products that belongs to Turkey and most of them are handcrafted. All of our products are provided directly from the producers, from the master workmen.

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